Source code for pytest_invenio.fixtures

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# This file is part of pytest-invenio.
# Copyright (C) 2017-2018 CERN.
# Copyright (C) 2018 Esteban J. G. Garbancho.
# pytest-invenio is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
# under the terms of the MIT License; see LICENSE file for more details.

"""Pytest fixtures for Invenio."""

import os
import shutil
import sys
import tempfile
from datetime import datetime
from warnings import warn

import importlib_metadata
import pkg_resources
import pytest
from pytest_flask.plugin import _make_test_response_class
from selenium import webdriver

from .user import UserFixtureBase

SCREENSHOT_SCRIPT = """import base64
with open('screenshot.png', 'wb') as fp:

[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="module") def default_handler(): """Flask default logging handler. Flask 0.13/1.0 changed logging to not add the default handler in case a handler is already installed. pytest automatically adds a handler to the root logger, causing Flask not to add a handler. This is an issue when testing Click output which uses the logger to output to the console. """ try: from flask.logging import default_handler as handler return handler except ImportError: return None
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="module") def instance_path(): """Temporary instance path. Scope: module This fixture creates a temporary directory and sets the ``INSTANCE_PATH`` environment variable to this directory. The directory is automatically removed. """ path = tempfile.mkdtemp() os.environ.update( INVENIO_INSTANCE_PATH=os.environ.get("INSTANCE_PATH", path), INVENIO_STATIC_FOLDER=os.path.join(sys.prefix, "var/instance/static"), ) yield path os.environ.pop("INVENIO_INSTANCE_PATH", None) shutil.rmtree(path)
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="module") def db_uri(instance_path): """Database URI (defaults to an SQLite datbase in the instance path). Scope: module The database can be overwritten by setting the ``SQLALCHEMY_DATABASE_URI`` environment variable to a SQLAlchemy database URI. """ if "SQLALCHEMY_DATABASE_URI" in os.environ: yield os.environ["SQLALCHEMY_DATABASE_URI"] else: filepath = tempfile.mkstemp(dir=instance_path, prefix="test", suffix=".db")[1] yield "sqlite:///{}".format(filepath) os.remove(filepath)
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="module") def broker_uri(): """Broker URI (defaults to an RabbitMQ on localhost). Scope: module The broker can be overwritten by setting the ``BROKER_URL`` environment variable. """ yield os.environ.get("BROKER_URL", "amqp://guest:guest@localhost:5672//")
def _celery_config(): """Factory/Helper function to create the ``celery_config`` fixture. When Celery is installed it provides with this same fixture via `celery.contrib.pytest <>`_, in this is the case we overwrite this fixture and update the configuration with Invenio's default configuration. If it is not installed, then we just define a new fixture which returns the default Invenio Celery configuration. """ default_config = dict( CELERY_TASK_ALWAYS_EAGER=True, CELERY_CACHE_BACKEND="memory", CELERY_TASK_EAGER_PROPAGATES_EXCEPTIONS=True, CELERY_RESULT_BACKEND="cache", ) try: pkg_resources.get_distribution("celery") # Celery is installed, overwrite fixture def inner(celery_config): celery_config.update(default_config) return celery_config except pkg_resources.DistributionNotFound: # No Celery, return the default config def inner(): return default_config return inner celery_config_ext = pytest.fixture(scope="module", name="celery_config_ext")( _celery_config() ) """Celery configuration (defaults to eager tasks). Scope: module This fixture provides the default Celery configuration (eager tasks, in-memory result backend and exception propagation). It can easily be overwritten in a specific test module: .. code-block:: python # import pytest pytest.fixture(scope='module') def celery_config_ext(celery_config_ext): celery_config_ext['CELERY_TASK_ALWAYS_EAGER'] = False return celery_config_ext """
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="module") def app_config(db_uri, broker_uri, celery_config_ext): """Application configuration fixture. Scope: module This fixture sets default configuration for an Invenio application to make it suitable for testing. The database and broker URL are injected into the config, CSRF-protection in forms disabled, HTTP secure headers is disabled, mail sending is output to console. The fixture can easily be customized in your ```` or specific test module: .. code-block:: python # import pytest pytest.fixture(scope='module') def app_config(app_config): app_config['MYVAR'] = 'test' return app_config """ icons = { "semantic-ui": { "key": "key icon", "link": "linkify icon", "shield": "shield alternate icon", "user": "user icon", "codepen": "codepen icon", "cogs": "cogs icon", "*": "{} icon", }, "bootstrap3": { "key": "fa fa-key fa-fw", "link": "fa fa-link fa-fw", "shield": "fa fa-shield fa-fw", "user": "fa fa-user fa-fw", "codepen": "fa fa-codepen fa-fw", "cogs": "fa fa-cogs fa-fw", "*": "fa fa-{} fa-fw", }, } return dict( APP_DEFAULT_SECURE_HEADERS=dict( force_https=False, content_security_policy={"default-src": []} ), # Broker configuration BROKER_URL=broker_uri, # Disable Flask-DebugToolbar if installed. DEBUG_TB_ENABLED=False, # Disable mail sending. MAIL_SUPPRESS_SEND=True, # Allow testing OAuth without SSL. OAUTHLIB_INSECURE_TRANSPORT=True, OAUTH2_CACHE_TYPE="simple", # Disable rate-limiting RATELIMIT_ENABLED=False, # Set test secret keys SECRET_KEY="test-secret-key", SECURITY_PASSWORD_SALT="test-secret-key", # Database configuration SQLALCHEMY_DATABASE_URI=db_uri, SQLALCHEMY_TRACK_MODIFICATIONS=False, # Flask testing mode TESTING=True, # Disable CRSF protection in WTForms WTF_CSRF_ENABLED=False, # Celery configuration **celery_config_ext, # Theme APP_THEME=["semantic-ui"], THEME_ICONS=icons, )
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="module") def base_app(create_app, app_config, request, default_handler): """Base application fixture (without database, search and cache). Scope: module. This fixture is responsible for creating the Invenio application. It depends on an application factory fixture that must be defined by the user. .. code-block:: python # import pytest @pytest.fixture(scope='module) def create_app(): from invenio_app.factory import create_api return create_api It is possible to overide the application factory for a specific test module, either by defining a fixture like above example, or simply setting the ``create_app`` property on the module: .. code-block:: python # from invenio_app.factory import create_api create_app = create_api def test_acase(base_app): # ... """ # Use create_app from the module if defined, otherwise use default # create_app fixture. create_app = getattr(request.module, "create_app", create_app) app_ = create_app(**app_config) def delete_user_from_g(exception): """Delete user from `flask.g` when the request is tearing down. Flask-login==0.6.2 changed the way the user is saved i.e uses `flask.g`. Flask.g is pointing to the application context which is initialized per request. That said, `pytest-flask` is pushing an application context on each test initialization that causes problems as subsequent requests during a test are detecting the active application request and not popping it when the sub-request is tearing down. That causes the logged in user to remain cached for the whole duration of the test. To fix this, we add an explicit teardown handler that will pop out the logged in user in each request and it will force the user to be loaded each time. """ from flask import g if "_login_user" in g: del g._login_user app_.teardown_request(delete_user_from_g) # See documentation for default_handler if default_handler: app_.logger.addHandler(default_handler) yield app_
@pytest.fixture(autouse=True, scope="function") def _monkeypatch_response_class(request, monkeypatch): """Set custom response class to easily test JSON responses. .. code-block:: python def test_json(client): res = client.get(...) assert res.json == {'ping': 'pong'} Pytest-Flask provides this already for the "app" fixture """ if "base_app" not in request.fixturenames: return base_app = request.getfixturevalue("base_app") monkeypatch.setattr( base_app, "response_class", _make_test_response_class(base_app.response_class) )
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="function") def base_client(base_app): """Test client for the base application fixture. Scope: function If you need the database and search indexes initialized, simply use the Pytest-Flask fixture ``client`` instead. This fixture is mainly useful if you need a test client without needing to initialize both the database and search indexes. """ with base_app.test_client() as client: yield client
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="module") def appctx(base_app): """Application context for the current base application. Scope: module This fixture pushes an application context on the stack, so that ``current_app`` is defined and e.g ``url_for`` will also work. """ with base_app.app_context(): yield base_app
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="module") def script_info(base_app): """Get ScriptInfo object for testing a CLI command (DEPRECATED). Scope: module Use the ``cli_runner`` runner fixture directly, or use the base_app: """ from flask.cli import ScriptInfo warn( "script_info is deprecated. Use cli_runner directly instead.", DeprecationWarning, ) return ScriptInfo(create_app=lambda *args: base_app)
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="module") def cli_runner(base_app): """Create a CLI runner for testing a CLI command. Scope: module .. code-block:: python def test_cmd(cli_runner): result = cli_runner(mycmd) assert result.exit_code == 0 """ def cli_invoke(command, input=None, *args): return base_app.test_cli_runner().invoke(command, args, input=input) return cli_invoke
def _search_create_indexes(current_search, current_search_client): """Create all registered search indexes.""" from invenio_search.engine import search try: list(current_search.create()) except search.RequestError: list(current_search.delete(ignore=[404])) list(current_search.create()) current_search_client.indices.refresh() def _search_delete_indexes(current_search): """Delete all registered search indexes.""" list(current_search.delete(ignore=[404]))
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="module") def es(search): """Alias for search fixture.""" warn( "`es` fixture is deprecated, use `search` instead.", DeprecationWarning, ) yield search
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="function") def search_clear(search): """Clear search indices after test finishes (function scope). Scope: function This fixture rollback any changes performed to the indexes during a test, in order to leave search in a clean state for the next test. """ from invenio_search import current_search, current_search_client yield search _search_delete_indexes(current_search) _search_create_indexes(current_search, current_search_client)
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="function") def es_clear(search_clear): """Alias for search_clear fixture.""" warn( "`es_clear` fixture is deprecated, use `search_clear` instead.", DeprecationWarning, ) yield search_clear
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="module") def database(appctx): """Setup database. Scope: module Normally, tests should use the function-scoped :py:data:`db` fixture instead. This fixture takes care of creating the database/tables and removing the tables once tests are done. """ from invenio_db import db as db_ from sqlalchemy_utils.functions import create_database, database_exists if not database_exists(str(db_.engine.url)): create_database(str(db_.engine.url)) db_.create_all() yield db_ db_.session.remove() db_.drop_all()
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="function") def db(database): """Creates a new database session for a test. Scope: function You must use this fixture if your test connects to the database. The fixture will set a save point and rollback all changes performed during the test (this is much faster than recreating the entire database). """ import sqlalchemy as sa connection = database.engine.connect() transaction = connection.begin() options = dict(bind=connection, binds={}) session = database.create_scoped_session(options=options) session.begin_nested() # `session` is actually a scoped_session. For the `after_transaction_end` # event, we need a session instance to listen for, hence the `session()` # call. @sa.event.listens_for(session(), "after_transaction_end") def restart_savepoint(sess, trans): if trans.nested and not trans._parent.nested: session.expire_all() session.begin_nested() old_session = database.session database.session = session yield database session.remove() transaction.rollback() connection.close() database.session = old_session
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="function") def mailbox(base_app): """Mailbox fixture. Scope: function This fixture provides a mailbox that captures all outgoing emails and thus easily allow you to test mail sending in your app: .. code-block:: python def test_mailbox(appctx, mailbox): appctx.extensions['mail'].send_message( sender='no-reply@localhost', subject='Testing', body='Test', recipients=['no-reply@localhost']) assert len(mailbox) == 1 """ ext = base_app.extensions.get("mail") if ext is None: raise RuntimeError("Invenio-Mail extension is not installed on application.") else: with ext.record_messages() as outbox: yield outbox
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="module") def app(base_app, search, database): """Invenio application with database and search. Scope: module See also :py:data:`base_app` for an Invenio application fixture that does not initialize database and search. """ yield base_app
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="session") def browser(request): """Selenium webdriver fixture. Scope: session The fixture initializes a Selenium webdriver which can be used for end-to-end testing of your application: .. code-block:: python from flask import url_for def test_browser(live_server, browser): browser.get(url_for('index', _external=True)) The ``live_server`` fixture is provided by Pytest-Flask and uses the :py:data:`app` fixture to determine which application to start. .. note:: End-to-end test are only executed if the environment variable ``E2E`` is set to yes:: $ export E2E=yes This allows you to easily switch on/off end-to-end tests. By default, a Chrome webdriver client will be created. However, you can customize which browsers to test via the ``E2E_WEBDRIVER_BROWSERS`` environment variable: .. code-block:: console $ export E2E_WEBDRIVER_BROWSERS="Chrome Firefox" If multiple browsers are requested, each test case using the :py:data:`browser` fixture will be parameterized with the list of browsers. In case the test fail, a screenshot will be taken and saved in folder ``.e2e_screenshots``. """ browser_name = getattr(request, "param", "Chrome") if browser_name.lower() == "chrome": # this special handling is required to avoid the # 'DevToolsActivePort file doesn't exist' error on github actions from import Options options = Options() options.add_argument("--headless") driver = getattr(webdriver, browser_name)(chrome_options=options) else: driver = getattr(webdriver, browser_name)() yield driver _take_screenshot_if_test_failed(driver, request) # Quit the webdriver instance driver.quit()
def _take_screenshot_if_test_failed(driver, request): """Take a screenshot if the test failed.""" if request.node.rep_call.failed: filename = "{modname}::{funname}::{now}.png".format( modname=request.module.__name__, funname=request.function.__name__ if request.function else "",, ) filepath = os.path.join(_get_screenshots_dir(), filename) driver.get_screenshot_as_file(filepath) print("Screenshot of failing test:") if os.environ.get("E2E_OUTPUT") == "base64": print(SCREENSHOT_SCRIPT.format(data=driver.get_screenshot_as_base64())) else: print(filepath) def _get_screenshots_dir(): """Create the screenshots directory.""" directory = ".e2e_screenshots" if not os.path.exists(directory): os.makedirs(directory) return directory
[docs]@pytest.yield_fixture(scope="module") def location(database): """Creates a simple default location for a test. Scope: function Use this fixture if your test requires a `files location <https://invenio- Location>`_. The location will be a default location with the name ``pytest-location``. """ from invenio_files_rest.models import Location uri = tempfile.mkdtemp() location_obj = Location(name="pytest-location", uri=uri, default=True) database.session.add(location_obj) database.session.commit() yield location_obj shutil.rmtree(location_obj.uri)
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="function") def bucket_from_dir(db, location): '''Creates a bucket from the specified directory. Scope: function Use this fixture if your test requires a `files bucket <https://invenio- Bucket>`_. The ``bucket_from_dir`` fixture returns a function with the following signature: .. code-block:: python def create_bucket_from_dir(source_dir, location_obj=None): """Create bucket from the specified source directory. :param source_dir: The directory to create the bucket from. :param location_obj: Optional location object to use. If None is specified, get the current default location. :returns: The new bucket object. """ Below is an example of how to use the ``bucket_from_dir`` fixture: .. code-block:: python def test_with_bucket(bucket_from_dir): bucket = bucket_from_dir('/my/directory/path') # ... use the bucket for your test ''' def create_bucket_from_dir(source_dir, location_obj=None): """Create bucket from the specified source directory. :param source_dir: The directory to create the bucket from. :param location_obj: Optional location object to use. If None is specified, get the current default location. :returns: The new bucket object. """ if not location_obj: from invenio_files_rest.models import Bucket, Location, ObjectVersion location_obj = Location.get_default() or location bucket_obj = Bucket.create(location_obj) for file_name in os.listdir(source_dir): full_file_path = os.path.join(source_dir, file_name) if os.path.isdir(full_file_path): continue file_obj = open(full_file_path, "rb") ObjectVersion.create(bucket_obj, key=file_name, stream=file_obj) db.session.commit() return bucket_obj return create_bucket_from_dir
[docs]class MockDistribution(pkg_resources.Distribution): """A mocked distribution that we can inject entry points with.""" def __init__(self, extra_entry_points): """Initialise the extra entry point.""" self._ep_map = {} # Create the entry point group map (which eventually will be used to # iterate over entry points). See source code for Distribution, # EntryPoint and WorkingSet in pkg_resources module. for group, entries in extra_entry_points.items(): group_map = {} for ep_str in entries: ep = pkg_resources.EntryPoint.parse(ep_str) ep.require = self._require_noop group_map[] = ep self._ep_map[group] = group_map # Note location must have a non-empty string value, as it is used as a # key into a dictionary. super().__init__(location="unknown") def _require_noop(self, *args, **kwargs): """Do nothing on entry point require.""" pass
[docs]class MockImportlibDistribution(importlib_metadata.Distribution): """A mocked distribution where we can inject entry points.""" def __init__(self, extra_entry_points): """Entry points for the distribution.""" self._entry_points = extra_entry_points @property def name(self): """Return the 'Name' metadata for the distribution package.""" return "MockDistribution" @property def entry_points(self): """Iterate over entry points.""" for group, eps_lines in self._entry_points.items(): for ep_line in eps_lines: name, value = ep_line.split("=", maxsplit=1) yield importlib_metadata.EntryPoint( # strip possible white space due to split on "=" name=name.strip(), value=value.strip(), group=group, )
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="module") def entry_points(extra_entry_points): """Entry points fixture. Scope: module Invenio relies heavily on Python entry points for constructing an application and it can be rather cumbersome to try to register database models, search mappings etc yourself afterwards. This fixture allows you to inject extra entry points into the application loading, so that you can load e.g. a testing module or test mapping. To use the fixture simply define the ``extra_entry_points()`` fixture, and then depend on the ``entry_points()`` fixture in your ``create_app`` fixture: .. code-block:: python @pytest.fixture(scope="module") def extra_entry_points(): return { 'invenio_db.models': [ 'mock_module = mock_module.models', ] } @pytest.fixture(scope="module") def create_app(instance_path, entry_points): return _create_api """ # Create mocked distributions pkg_resources_dist = MockDistribution(extra_entry_points) importlib_dist = MockImportlibDistribution(extra_entry_points) # # Patch importlib # old_distributions = importlib_metadata.distributions def distributions(**kwargs): for dist in old_distributions(**kwargs): yield dist yield importlib_dist importlib_metadata.distributions = distributions # # Patch pkg_resources # # First make a copy of the working_set state, so that we can restore the # state. workingset_state = pkg_resources.working_set.__getstate__() # Next, make a fake distribution that will yield the extra entry points and # add them to the global working_set. pkg_resources.working_set.add(pkg_resources_dist) yield pkg_resources_dist # Last, we restore the original workingset state and old importlib. pkg_resources.working_set.__setstate__(workingset_state) importlib_metadata.distributions = old_distributions
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="module") def extra_entry_points(): """Extra entry points. Overwrite this fixture to define extra entry points. """ return {}
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="module") def celery_config(): """Empty celery config.""" return {}
[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="session") def UserFixture(): """Fixture to help create user fixtures. Scope: session .. code-block:: python @pytest.fixture() def myuser(UserFixture, app, db): u = UserFixture( email="", password="auser", ) u.create(app, db) return u def test_with_user(service, myuser): service.dosomething(myuser.identity) """ return UserFixtureBase